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Bradford West Gwillimbury

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​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​Building Projects - Guides and Forms

A building permit must be obtained from the Town of Bradford West Gwillimbury before you begin most construction projects within the municipality. See below for more information on how to apply for a permit. 

​By obtaining a permit, not only will you comply with the requirements of the Building Code Act, you will also benefit by having your plans and the actual construction of your project reviewed and approved as it progresses. These reviews and approvals are meant to ensure that the minimum construction standards established by the Ontario Building Code have been met to protect the health, safety and welfare of both inhabitants and users of buildings.

 Select a Project Type

Accessory Dwelling Units

​​An Accessory Dwelling Unit (ADU) is a room or set of rooms in a single-family home that have been designated or configured to be used as a separate dwelling unit, either for rent or rent-free. This is allowed in BWG as long as all the correct steps are taken and the necessary permits are granted.

Constructing a NEW Accessory Dwelling Unit

If you ​​wish to construct a new ADU, there are three main steps to ensure it is legal for occupation. The Homeowner's Guide to ADUs walks you through the steps, and it also contains all the forms you need to complete steps 1 and 2.​

Step 1: Submit a completed Zoning Compliance ​Form and submit it to the Building Division.

Step 2: Apply for all necessary building permits before you begin any work. (If you are creating an accessory dwelling unit by finishing your basement, ​review the Basement Finishing section below.)
Once the permit is received, work has been done and all inspections completed, you will be issued an Occupancy Permit.

Step 3: Submit the Occupancy Permit along with a completed Registration Application available from the Town's Planning webpage to register the ADU.

Registering an EXISTING Accessory Dwelling Unit

If you wish to bring an existing ADU into legal compliance, the process depends on the age of the ADU.

If the ADU was in existence prior to July 14, 1994, then the Building Division is not involved in the registration process. Visit the Town's Planning webpage for information on how to register your unit.

If the ADU did not exist until after July 14, 1994, then you must follow these three steps:

Step 1: Submit a completed Zoning Compliance Form to the Building Division.

Step 2: Submit a completed Change of Use Permit​ Application to the Building Division. Once the permit is received, any work has been done and all inspections completed, you will be issued an occupancy permit.

Step 3: Submit the Occupancy Permit along with a completed Registration Application available from the Town's Planning webpage​​ to register the ADU.

Accessory Structures

A building permit is required for the construction of any accessory structure.

Check with a Building Permit Administrator to determine the maximum size and the number of accessory buildings permitted on the property prior to submitting an application for a building permit.

Building Permit Application Process

  1. Review the Accessory Structures Package and complete all necessary forms.

  2. Submit a completed Building Permit Application and Zoning Compliance Form.

  3. Provide two copies of plans including:

    • Legal Property Survey or a Site Plan designating the location of the proposed accessory building including dimensions and distance from property line(s) and other buildings including location of existing septic system where applicable.
    • Plan(s) and section(s) drawings to include the following information:
        • Footing and foundation construction details, or concrete slab detail or alternate (approved) method of anchorage for accessory buildings less than 50 metres square and not of masonry or masonry veneer construction.
        • Floor (if provided), wall and roof construction details and framing of all openings (windows and doors).
        • ​Wall cladding and roof covering details.
    • ​Building permit fees calculated at $3.00 per square metre, Zoning review fee of $62.00 and Assessment fee of $40.00. (fees set by Building By-law and subject to amendment)

Building Permit Issuance

  1. Permits shall be released to the owner or applicant. The building department will release permits to other parties only where a completed authorization form has been received from the owner of the property.

  2. Where a permit is to be issued to a party other than the owner, a form (Owner Authorization form) signed by the owner shall be submitted for the authorization of work to be undertaken on the owner’s property.

Basement Finishing

​A building permit is required for the interior finishing of basement areas, including framing, electrical, plumbing, mechanical and insulation.

Building Permit Application Process

  1. Submit a completed Building Permit Application.

  2. Include two copies of a floor plan drawn to scale (view a sample floor plan​) including the following:

    • Identify all rooms
    • Indicate room sizes with dimensions
    • Specify the location and sizes of all windows and doors including the height of windows from the floor level
    • Location and dimension of stairs
    • Type of interior and exterior wall finishes
    • Location of all plumbing fixtures including mechanical ventilation
    • Location and size of heat registers in each room and return air grills.

Building permit fees will be calculated ​per square metre in accordance with the current fee schedule.

If you are finishing your basement with the intention of using it as an accessory dwelling unit, there are additional requirements both before and after construction. See the section above on accessory dwelling unit​s for more information.​

Change of Use of an Existing Building

This section refers to the modification of an existing building. This includes alterations and changes in use and may require a Change of Use Permit Application​.

Please be aware of the following:

  • Check with the Zoning Plans Examiner of the Building Division to determine whether the proposed change of use is permitted in accordance with the Town’s Zoning By-law, prior to submitting a building permit application.​
  • The applicant must retain a professional designer to assess the existing premises and to prepare the plans.
  • Note: Even though no construction may be proposed, upgrading of one or more of the following areas may be required:
    • demising wall fire separations
    • exits
    • door hardware
    • provision of washroom facilities and fixtures
    • HVAC system (ventilation)
    • exit signs and emergency lighting
    • a fire alarm system may be required

Building Permit Application Process

The building/demolition permit application must consist of the following:

  1. Completed building permit application consisting of:

    • Permit to Construct or Demolish Application
    • Schedule 1: Designer Information
    • Applicable Law Checklist
  2. Letter of Use – describing the operation or program, in detail, the number of employees and the occupant load as well as any special circumstances which may affect the design of the space.

  3. Two (2) complete sets of plans including:

    • KEY PLAN / SITE PLAN – indicating the property lines, internal roads, parking, the building, designating clearly the project area and the occupancies of any adjacent units (a separate site plan and key plan or a combined site plan/key plan may be provided).
    • ARCHITECTURAL PLAN(S) – provide overall room and space dimensions; identify clearly the use of all rooms and spaces; designate existing and proposed construction; provide construction details for all proposed construction and fire separations.
    • STRUCTURAL PLANS – prepared by a structural engineer for structural modifications required as a result of a change of use or new construction.
    • MECHANICAL PLANS – 1. HVAC –provide 1 copy of load calculations and 2 copies of the distribution system designed by a professional engineer; where no changes are proposed the adequacy of existing systems must be assessed by a professional engineer and a written report submitted. 2. PLUMBING –where changes are proposed or additional plumbing is required a drain plan must be provided. 3. SPRINKLER –a sprinkler plan must be provided where any changes to the existing room or space layout are proposed.
    • ELECTRICAL PLANS – provide the location of all required exit signs and emergency lights. If the building is equipped with a fire alarm system, a complete layout must be provided, designed by an electrical engineer.
    • OTHER - Commercial cooking facilities must be equipped with an exhaust system designed in compliance with NFPA 96. Restaurants must be provided with a climate controlled garbage room within the building.

Decks

Decks are an extension of the main dwelling unit and, as such, must be designed and constructed to withstand all superimposed loads. The structure, supports, guards and stairs are regulated by the Ontario Building Code and setbacks to all property lines are regulated by provisions of the Town of Bradford West Gwillimbury Zoning By-law.

A building permit is required for all decks greater than 10 m2 (107 sq. ft) or attached to a house.

Building Permit Application Process

  1. Review the Deck Package and complete all necessary forms.

  2. ​Submit a completed Building Permit Application including all fields and schedules showing designer qualifications including BCIN numbers. (Homeowners are exempt from the requirement for qualifications).

  3. Include two copies of plans drawn to scale including the following:

    • Survey plan - showing location and dimension of the proposed deck in relation to existing buildings (including septic system) and setbacks from property lines.
    • Footing/Floor Plan - showing location size and spacing of piers (i.e. sono tubes), size and spacing of floor joists and beams.
    • Elevation - showing height of deck above ground as well as height and construction of guards and stairs.
    • Cross section - showing the connection between the deck to the house, the deck and the beam and depth of piers below grade.
  4. Final grading approval from the Town of BWG Engineering Services Department is required for all new residential subdivision applications.

Once a permit is issued, the permit holder must arrange for all required inspections prior to proceeding with various stages of construction.

Demolition

​Demolition permits are required when demolishing a building within a residential area in BWG.

Demolition Permit Application Process

  1. Using the Demolition Pre-Permit Clearance Form, contact all agencies listed and obtain signatures to certify that they have no objections to the demolition.

  2. Submit the completed clearance from along with a completed Building/Demolition Permit Application.

  3. ​​​Include two copies of a site plan drawn to scale showing the location of all structures, including the structure(s) to be demolished.

  4. ​Submit the application fee and provide a security deposit, as well as proof of liability insurance if determined necessary by the Chief Building Official.​

Interior Finishing of a Suite/Unit or ICI building

​​This section refers to the interior finishing of any unit, suite, and/or complete building. 

Building Permit Application Process

The following is required at submission. Incomplete applications cannot be accepted.

  • Completed Building/Demolitions Permit Application (Permit to Construct or Demolish)
  • Completed ​Schedule 1: Designer Information
  • Applicable Law Checklist
  • General Review Commitment Certificate where required
  • Detailed Letter of Use describing the nature of the operation or business, the number of employees and the occupant load for assembly type uses (restaurant, clubs, etc.). Industrial storage or manufacturing uses shall include a detailed description of the processes and materials or chemicals used or stored and the method of storage.
  • Two complete sets of plans and specifications drawn to a specified scale.
    • Key Plan - indicate the suite, unit or project area in relation to the rest of the building-provide the use or occupancy of adjacent units
    • Architectural Plans - provide room and space dimensions-clearly identify the use of all rooms and spaces-identify existing and new construction-provide construction details and specifications for proposed construction including all fire-rated assemblies-identify the construction detail and fire resistance rating of both new and existing demising walls
    • Structural Plans - provide design criteria, construction details and specifications for all proposed structural modifications
    • Mechanical Plans HVAC - provide distribution system plan including unit location and specification, duct sizes and volume, damper and fire stop flap locations-provide 2 copies of load calculations
    • Plumbing - indicate existing and proposed fixtures-specify required clearances of fixtures-where new fixtures are proposed provide a sanitary drain layout and pipe size.
    • Electrical - show the location of all required exit signs and emergency lights-where a fire alarm system is required provide fire alarm drawings conforming to CAN/ULC S524-M-mag locks and hold open devices require submission of technical information on devices and tie into fire alarm system.
    • Commercial cooking facilities must be equipped with an exhaust system designed in compliance with NFPA 96.
    • Restaurants must be provided with a climate controlled garbage facility within the building.
  • The building permit fee is based on the service index for the classification of the work proposed and the floor area in m2of the work involved (Fee = Service Index X Area).

New Home, Addition or Alteration

If you are building a new home or an addition to an existing home, use the Detached Housing (New and Additions) Checklist to ensure you provide all of the necessary information, plans and drawings along with your Building Permit Application.

This section refers to the construction of a new building and/or the construction of an addition to an existing building.

Building Permit Application Process

The following is required at submission. Incomplete applications cannot be accepted.

1. Completed application forms

  • Application for a Permit to Construct or Demolish
  • Schedule 1: Designer Information
  • Applicable Law Checklist
  • General Review Commitment Certificate
  • Detailed Letter of Use describing the nature of the operation or business, the number of employees and the occupant load.
    • Industrial storage or manufacturing uses shall include a detailed description of the processes and materials or chemicals used or stored and the method of storage.
  • Completed Financial Contribution Form (provided by Building Division or available on the website.

2. Plans and specifications

  • Legal Property Survey
  • 2 sets of site plan approved drawings. Building Permit Applications will not be accepted without site plan approval
  • 2 complete sets of drawings – architectural, structural, HVAC, plumbing, electrical (sprinkler system complete with hydraulic calculations and fire alarm system, where applicable)
  • 2 copies of BMEC authorization (where applicable)
  • 1 copy of HVAC calculations
  • 1 copy of soil engineer’s report
  • 2 sets of specifications (where applicable)
  • 1 copy of Ashrae 90.1 compliance forms (where applicable)
  • 1 copy of Proposal for Alternative Solution (where applicable)
  • The building permit fee is based on the service index for the classification of the work proposed and the floor area in m2 of the work involved
  • (Fee = Service Index X Area)

3. Building permit fee

  • The building permit fee is based on the service index for the classification of the work proposed and the floor area in m2of the work involved
  • (Fee = Service Index X Area)

Septic System Installation and Repair

Any property owner having a septic system installe​d or repaired must ensure that it complies with ​the Septic System Statement of Design.

Septic System Inspections

As of January 1, 2016, amendments to the Ontario Building Code, along with the implementation of the Clean Water Act 2006 and the Lake Simcoe Protection Plan, state that all septic systems located within 100 metres of any river, stream, lake or pond that feeds into Lake Simcoe must be inspected once every five years.

The Town has reviewed records to determine what properties are (in whole or in part) within the inspection area, and therefore must be inspected to meet the new requirements of the Ontario Building Code.

If an inspection is being conducted by a third party as arranged by the property owner, a completed Third Party Inspection Certificate form must be submitted.​

Swimming Pool Enclosure

In accordance with Town By-law, if installing a swimming pool, spa or hot tub, an enclosure must be constructed. A building permit is required for the construction of this enclosure.

Swimming Pool Enclosure Permit Application Process

  1. Review the Swimming Pool Enclosure Package and complete and submit all applicable forms, including the Swimming Pool Enclosure Permit Application form.

  2. Include two copies of site plan drawings (based on an up-to-date survey) showing the location of the pool/hot tub on the site and its distance from all existing structures and property lines. If applicable, show the location of any existing septic system and its distance from proposed pool.

  3. Provide a simple description of the pool/spa/hot tub.

  4. Provide specifications of the fencing you will be constructing around the pool/spa/hot tub.

  5. Final grading approval is required for all new residential subdivision applications.

  6. Submit the fee, in accordance with the current fee schedule, as well as any deposits that may be deemed necessary.​

Tents

A building permit is required for a tent or group of tents that is more than 60 m2 (645 ft2) in aggregate ground area.

Building Permit Application Process​

  1. Review the Tent Permit Guidelines.

  2. Submit a completed Building Permit Application. Note that the “description of work” line must include dimensions, the words “temporary tent” and the duration of time for which the tent is to remain on site. (e.g. 40 foot x 40 foot Temporary Tent, August 6 to 12.)

  3. Include two copies of plans based on a current property survey showing:

    • The location of all existing buildings on the property.
    • The location and dimensions of the tent.
    • The setbacks (distance) from property lines and existing buildings.
    • The location of any “designated” fire routes on the property.
    • Manufacturer’s specifications providing verification that the tent conforms to CAN/ULC S109M “Standard for Flame Tests of Flame Resistant Fabrics and Films” or NFPA 701 “Standard Method of Fire Tests for Flame Resistant Textiles and Films”.
    • Specifications stamped by a professional engineer shall be provided for the supporting framing structure and anchorage system fall tents.
    • Occupant load – the maximum number of people permitted to occupy the tent.
    • Seating – if seating is provided show the number and arrangement of seats.
    • Exits – Indicate the number of sides of the tent to be left open. If all sides are closed show the location and width of exits.
  4. Submit the fee in accordance with the current fee schedule.​

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